NONKILLING AND SOCIAL PEACE THROUGH: QISAS– A PRAGMATIC CONFLICT MITIGATION FRAMEWORK
Keywords:Qisas, Diyat, nonkilling paradigm, revenge, discourse in theology, justice system
Nonkilling has emerged as an important intellectual movement in recent past. Its proponents argue a case to create a killing-free world, and assert that it is not utopian idea but scope of such a possibility exists in real world. This article refutes this claim, arguing that nonkilling by pure reliance on pacifist frameworks has failed to yield moderating effects to prevent killing. It instead offers an alternative pathway, the Islamic concept of Qisas (retribution)to accomplish the propagated cause. Drawing upon multisource empirical data, a critical examination of nonkilling paradigm viz-à-viz Qisas is presented. It exposes theoretical gaps in the assumptions underlying nonkilling premise concomitantly highlighting why Qisas can be a more effective framework to achieve ends of peace. The discussion also traces the evolution of Qisas covering its form before, and the transformation it underwent after the advent of Islam. Further, the subjectivities and prejudices which associate Qisas with barbarism and its profile in contemporary Muslim countries are analyzed. The conclusion supports the refutation and offers some broad policy suggestions for nonkilling theorists and advocates.
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