INDIA'S CYBER LANDSCAPE: AN ASSESMENT OF INDIAN EFFORTS SINCE INDEPENDENCE

Authors

  • Nageen Ashraf SPIR, QAU

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54690/jcs.v12i2.269

Keywords:

Cyber threats, South Asia, Digital India, National Cyber Security Policy, Cyber warfare

Abstract

The rise of China has seemingly brought it on a collision course with the preeminent power, The United States of America. This has convinced various states most notably India, Pakistan, Iran, and the Gulf countries to re-orient their foreign policies. China’s investments through the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), QUAD’s resurgence, Israel’s foray into the Arab countries, and persistent American support to enhance India’s stature at par with China, have pushed the Indian Ocean Region to be at the epicenter of all global rivalries. The presence of extra regional forces in Western Indian Ocean Region has ensured some semblance of stability in the region but it is the complex, interdependent relationship between strategically co-located states of Saudi Arabia, Iran, India, and Pakistan under the shadow of China-USA competition that is the objective of this study.

Author Biography

Nageen Ashraf, SPIR, QAU

Mphil Scholar, SPIR, Quaid e Azam University, Islamabad.

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Published

28-02-2024

How to Cite

Ashraf, Nageen. 2024. “INDIA’S CYBER LANDSCAPE: AN ASSESMENT OF INDIAN EFFORTS SINCE INDEPENDENCE”. Journal of Contemporary Studies 12 (2):108-23. https://doi.org/10.54690/jcs.v12i2.269.