TURKMENISTAN’S POLITICAL CULTURE OF POSITIVE NEUTRALITY AND ITS IMPLICATIONS

Authors

  • Dr. Saima Ashraf Kayani
  • Raja Qaiser Ahmed

Keywords:

Turkmenistan, Positive Neutrality, Political Culture, Critique

Abstract

 Abstract

 After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, as elsewhere in Central Asia, the process of political transition began in Turkmenistan. The political culture that existed in Turkmenistan did not support a smooth transition from the Soviet-era political system to the configuration of democracy and state or nation-building process. To achieve its de-Russification and foreign policy objectives, Turkmenistan adopted the political culture of neutrality. It is argued that as the post-Soviet state building strategy, the concept of neutrality has promoted Turkmenistan’s interests at the national, regional and global level. The research examines the questions: One, how the political culture of neutrality helped Turkmenistan to achieve its post-Soviet stability and postcommunist process of democratization. Two, what are the factors that facilitated Turkmenistan to pursue the policy of neutrality. Three, what are the criticisms on the policy of neutrality.

Author Biographies

Dr. Saima Ashraf Kayani

Dr Saima Ashraf Kayani is Head Department of Defense and Diplomatic Studies,
Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi

Raja Qaiser Ahmed

Raja Qaiser Ahmed is Lecturer at School of Politics & IR, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad.

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Published

11-08-2016

How to Cite

Kayani, Dr. Saima Ashraf, and Raja Qaiser Ahmed. 2016. “TURKMENISTAN’S POLITICAL CULTURE OF POSITIVE NEUTRALITY AND ITS IMPLICATIONS”. Journal of Contemporary Studies 5 (1):15-31. https://jcs.ndu.edu.pk/site/article/view/64.