THE HUMANITARIAN DIMENSION OF SUFFERING IN TERROR HIT AREAS OF PAKISTAN
Keywords:Displacement of Population, Impact of Terrorism, Cross Border Conflict, Drone Strikes, Conflict Rehabilitation, Civil-Military Cooperation
The contemporary discourse on conflict brings forth the realization that the impact and toll of armed violence does not remain confined to the active war zone alone. For enduring and sustainable peace there needs to be effective post-conflict rehabilitation and settlement, coupled with civilian ownership and a near ideal mix of civil-military cooperation. Security needs to be viewed from a holistic perspective and not the traditional security lens alone. As the reasons behind conflicts, especially those of an internal nature, become complex, so does the need for using a variety of means to tackle and address these problems by involving a cross section of stakeholders and concerned actors. In the case of Pakistan, the greatest toll of militancy and terrorism has been on the civilian population, which stood to lose its economic livelihood, safety and comfort of home and had to suffer death and destruction at the hands of militants and terrorists as well as displacement, sometimes more than once. The paper focuses on the impact of terrorism on Pakistan and the compound effects of problems arising out of this chaotic situation through a holistic lens. The complex interplay of security dynamics involving extraregional powers’ interests, cross border conflict, drone strikes, displacement of population are studied with a view to determine its overall impact on Pakistan’s security. Beginning with a review of changing dimensions of security, this paper specifically examines the humanitarian impact of terrorism in the country and attempts to suggest a way forward.
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