CHALLENGES TO NATIONAL INTEGRATION: A CASE STUDY OF BALUCHISTAN
Keywords:Baluchistan, national integration, insurgency, socio-economic deprivation
National integration is a process through which divisive people and cultures are synthesized into a unified whole. It is a process of harmony, common identity and above all national consciousness. Ever since Pakistan has taken birth, it has been in the grip of numerous problems notably in the province of Baluchistan. Baluchistan is a strategic province that promises future economic gains through different ongoing mega projects, rich untapped minerals, pledging bigger foreign investment, better economic opportunities and greater economic schemes in the country. These problems have generated challenges to the very notion of national integration in Pakistan, in general, and Baluchistan, in particular. This paper, therefore, identifies the challenges of national integration in Pakistan with special reference to Baluchistan. The paper also makes an attempt to describe the leading internal/external factors accountable for the violent situation in the province. It is significant in a way that it not only analyzes the current position and policies of the government, but provides policy recommendations.
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