PAKISTAN’S COUNTER-INSURGENCY CAMPAIGN IN BALOCHISTAN: AN ANALYSIS
Keywords:Balochistan, Deprivation, Pakistan, Peace, Security, Counter Insurgency
Balochistan has been under the shadow of militant outfits for more than a decade. In early 2000s, the Pakistani state mostly employed military force and socio-economic developmental initiatives in order to curtail these groups. However, in recent years, political measures like Aghaz-e-Huqooq-e-Balochistan in addition to integration measures like ‘Balochistan Peace Program’ and ‘Youth Mobilization Campaign’ have been undertaken to weaken support for militant outfits and anti-state narrative. Meanwhile, security forces have also changed their approach since 2013 by eliminating the second and third tier leadership of militant outfits. The paper presents an overview of how military, socio-economic, political and integration measures employed by the state have played an instrumental role in restoring peace in Balochistan. Despite the restoration of peace, there is still a need to address the socio economic grievances of a large segment of the people residing in the province. Until these grievances are addressed Balochistan will remain engulfed in turmoil.
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